QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF SACHET AND BOTTLED WATER SOLDIN GBOKO, BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Authors

  • GD Akpen DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE, MAKURDI, BENUE STATE. NIGERIA
  • IS Kpoghol DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE, MAKURDI, BENUE STATE. NIGERIA
  • LA Oparaku DEPT. OF AGRICULTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENG’G, UNIV. OF AGRICULTURE, MAKURDI, BENUE STATE. NIGERIA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4314/njt.371.1602

Keywords:

Physico-chemical Quality, Coliforms, Gboko, Sachet and Bottled Water, Shelf life.

Abstract

The quality of selected sachet and bottled water produced and sold within Gboko town, Benue State was investigated to determine their Shelf life. Eight brands of sachet water and four brands of bottled water samples were collected from different manufacturers within 24 hours and stored at ambient temperature. Sub-samples were drawn from the stock samples at intervals of three weeks up to a period of 15 weeks and subjected to physical, chemical and microbial examination. Results for physical and chemical analysis revealed that all the samples examined were wholesome by  the 12th  week  of study except, samples K4and B4 (Wishden sachet and bottled water) which had iron contents of 0.50 mg/L and 0.53 mg/L respectively which were above WHO Standard value of 0.30 mg/L. Total and Escherichia coliforms appeared in all sachet water samples and three bottled water samples analyzed within the first 6 weeks but were no longer detected in any of the samples from the 12th week to the end of the investigation period. The highest total coliform of 21 MPN/100mL and Escherichia coli of17 cfu/100mL were recorded on the first day of production of sachet water.  It was concluded that some sachet water products consumed in Gboko were not safe for drinking within the first 12 weeks of production. It was recommended that sachet and bottled water produced and consumed in Gboko can be used from the 3 and 12 weeks after production respectively up to 15 weeks. However, there is need to investigate the shelf life beyond 15 weeks to determine the actual shelf life which may be more than 15 weeks.

 

http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njt.v37i1.32

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Published

2017-12-31

Issue

Section

Agricultural, Bioresources, Biomedical, Food, Environmental & Water Resources Engineering

How to Cite

QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF SACHET AND BOTTLED WATER SOLDIN GBOKO, BENUE STATE, NIGERIA. (2017). Nigerian Journal of Technology, 37(1), 241-248. https://doi.org/10.4314/njt.371.1602